Toddlers have strong curiosity to their surroundings as their mobility increases. Besides having positive firm discipline, you should also be alert to possible home accidents. Check the safety measures at home regularly by referring to the home safety .
Title: Home Safety
Narrator: Home safety.
Photo: A girl (12 – 18 months old) is bringing some toys to her dad.
Photo: A boy (12 – 18 months old) is running in the living room while his parents are looking at him.
Photo: A boy (18 – 24 months old) is climbing up the sofa
Photo: A girl (18 – 24 months old) is pulling the curtain ropes
Narrator: Your energetic child loves to run and jump around! However, he has no idea of any danger around him. You should stay alert and check home safety measures regularly so as to prevent any possible accidents.
Heading: Ensuring Your Child’s Safety
Narrator: Ensuring your child’s safety.
Sub-heading: Don’t leave your child alone at home
Photo: Daddy is going out, his son (5 years old) and daughter (3 years old) are saying goodbye to him. Big cross.
Photo: Daddy is going out, Mum, his son (5 years old) and daughter (3 years old) are saying goodbye to him.
Narrator: To ensure safety, don’t leave your children alone at home or to the care of older children. Remember, there should be an adult with them at all times.
Sub-heading: First-aid kit
Photo: First-aid Kit
Narrator: Keep a first-aid kit at home in case any minor accidents occur. It should include:
Sub-heading: Alcohol swabs
Photo: Alcohol swabs
Narrator: Alcohol swabs: for sterilising both hands before performing first-aid treatment.
Sub-heading: Gauze roller bandage
Photo: Gauze roller bandage
Sub-heading: Elastic roller bandage
Photo: Elastic roller bandage
Narrator: Gauze or elastic roller bandage: to bandage a wound and stop bleeding with applied pressure.
Sub-heading: Triangular bandage
Photo: Triangular bandage
Narrator: Triangular bandage: to wrap injured areas, support or fix broken limbs.
Sub-heading: Round-ended scissors
Photo: Round-ended scissors
Narrator: Round-ended scissors: to cut adhesive tape, bandages or clothing when necessary.
Photo: Saline Solution
Narrator: Disinfectant: for disinfecting and cleaning wounds.
Sub-heading: Sterile dressing set
Photo: Sterile dressing set
Photo: An opened sterile dressing set
Narrator: Sterile dressing set: to clean and cover wounds.
Sub-heading: Sterile gauze pad
Photo: Sterile gauze pad
Sub-heading: Non-woven sterile gauze pad
Photo: Non-woven sterile gauze pad
Narrator: Sterile gauze pad: to cover wounds.
Sub-heading: Sterile adhesive bandage
Photo: Sterile adhesive bandage
Narrator: Sterile adhesive bandage: to cover small wounds.
Narrator: Plaster: to fix a dressing
Sub-heading: Disposable gloves
Photo: Disposable gloves
Narrator: Also, disposable gloves
Sub-heading: 3-Ply surgical masks
Photo: 3-Ply Surgical masks
Narrator: and 3-ply surgical masks.
Photo: A girl (5 years old) cuts her finger and asks dad and Mum for help.
Photo: Mum puts on a bandage for her and the first-aid kit is next to her.
Narrator: You should equip yourselves with first-aid skills. When your child gets hurt, you may help your child with the materials in the first-aid kit and take him to the doctor if required. If it is serious, take your child to hospital promptly.
Heading: Living Room Safety
Narrator: Living room safety.
Photo: Living room
Narrator: Furniture in the living room may also cause injuries.
Sub-heading: Choose furniture without sharp edges
Photo: Round table
Narrator: Consider furniture without sharp edges as your first choice.
Sub-heading: Cover sharp edges with corner protectors
Photo: Table with corner protectors
Photo: Drawer with corner protectors
Narrator: If there are sharp edges on the furniture, cover them with corner protectors.
Photo: Glass surface. Big cross.
Photo: Tablecloth. Big cross.
Photo: Table mat. Big cross.
Narrator: You should avoid using furniture with fragile glass surfaces. Don’t use tablecloths or table mats; everything will fall off if your child pulls on them.
Sub-heading: Use folding tables or chairs with safety lock
Photo: Folding Table
Photo: Safety lock of folding tables (1), (2)
Narrator: Avoid using folding tables or chairs unless they have a safety lock.
Sub-heading: No stacking
Photo: Plastic boxes are stacked up. Big cross
Photo: Short ladder. Big cross.
Narrator: Don’t leave ladders around or stack items, so as to prevent children from climbing and falling down.
Sub-heading: Place sofas against the wall
Photo: A sofa is placed against the wall
Photo: A boy (18 – 24 months old) climbs onto the sofa. Big cross.
Narrator: Sofas should be placed against the wall, or else your child may climb over the back of the sofa and fall down.
Sub-heading: Add railings to balconies
Photo: A balcony with railings
Photo: Door to balcony is opened. Big cross.
Photo: Door to balcony is locked
Narrator: To ensure the safety of your child, balconies should have railings and the balcony doors should be locked at all times.
Sub-heading: Install and lock window guards
Photo: A window guard with a ruler
Photo: Window guards
Photo: Window guards which can be opened
Photo: A locked window guard (1)
Photo: A locked window guard (2)
Narrator: Install standard window guards on all windows. Remember, to keep the window guards locked at all times.
Sub-heading: Tie up curtain cords
Photo: Close-up of the tied-up curtain cords
Photo: A curtain cord
Photo: A girl (18 – 24 months old) is pulling the curtain cord. Big cross.
Narrator: Keep curtain cords out of your child’s reach and remember to tie them up. Your child could be strangled and suffocated if her neck gets caught in the cords.
Sub-heading: Door stoppers
Photo: A door stopper fixes the position of a half-opened door
Photo: Magnet fixes the position of an opened door
Narrator: Stop opened doors from swinging with door stoppers or magnets.
Sub-heading: U-shaped door stoppers
Photo: A U-shaped door stopper prevents the door from shutting
Narrator: The U-shaped door stoppers can help protect your child’s fingers from being pinched in the door.
Sub-heading: Socket protective covers
Photo: Socket is covered by a protective cover
Narrator: Use protective covers for sockets.
Sub-heading: Put away electric extension units
Photo: An electric extension unit is on top of a cupboard
Narrator: And keep electric extension units out of your child’s reach.
Sub-heading: Put safety covers on electric fans
Photo: A safety cover is on an electric fan.
Photo: Close-up of the safety cover.
Narrator: There must be a safety cover on an electric fan.
Sub-heading: Keep the fan away from children’s reach
Photo: An electric fan is on top of a cupboard
Narrator: Also, make sure that your child cannot reach the fan.
Sub-heading: Store matches and lighters properly
Photo: A box of matches and lighter
Photo: matches and lighter placed in a drawer
Narrator: Store matches and lighters properly in a drawer, out of the reach of children.
Sub-heading: Fasten seatbelts
Photo: A baby is sitting on the stroller, with the seatbelt fastened.
Photo: A baby is on the high-chair, with seatbelt fastened and locks secured.
Photo: The seatbelt is fastened.
Narrator: Fasten the seatbelt when your child is sitting in high chairs or strollers and secure the booster seat.
Sub-heading: Safe use of iron
Photo: Mum stops her son (5 years old) from approaching her when she is ironing clothes.
Narrator: Children should not be around when you are ironing. It is dangerous if your child touches it.
Photo: An iron is placed on an ironing board. Big cross.
Narrator: When you finish using an iron, don’t leave it around. Put it away properly.
Sub-heading: Keep the house clean and tidy
Photo: Mum is tidying up the house.
Narrator: Keep your house clean and tidy. Don’t scatter things around or your child may stumble over them.
Heading: Kitchen Safety
Narrator: Kitchen safety.
Photo: A messy kitchen. Big cross.
Photo: A tidy kitchen.
Narrator: A kitchen is also a place full of danger.
Sub-heading: Install a gate
Photo: A gate at the kitchen door
Photo: A boy (18 – 24 months old) is at the kitchen door gate.
Narrator: Install a gate at the kitchen door to prevent your child from entering the kitchen.
Photo: In the kitchen, Mum is carrying her baby. Big cross
Narrator: Also, don’t carry your child in the kitchen. Children can reach out and grab things.
Sub-heading: Turn handles of cookware inward
Photo: The handle of cookware points outward on the stove. Big cross.
Photo: The handle of cookware points inward on the stove.
Narrator: The handles of cookware should point inward on the stove. It can prevent your child from tugging it and being scalded accidentally.
Sub-heading: Cover the stove
Photo: A stove is covered.
Narrator: If your stove has a cover, use it when the stove is not in use.
Sub-heading: Put away dangerous items
Photo: Knives and scissors are on the rack which is placed at a far corner on the kitchen counter.
Photo: Electric kettle is placed against the wall on the counter.
Photo: First-aid kit is put up high.
Photo: Detergents are put inside a cupboard.
Narrator: Put all dangerous items, including sharp utensils, medications, electric kettles, hot water flasks and detergents, out of the reach of your child.
Photo: Detergent is stored in soft drink bottle. Big cross.
Narrator: Don’t use any drinking bottles to store detergents or other chemicals. It is dangerous if children mistake them as drinks!
Heading: Bathroom Safety
Narrator: Bathroom safety.
Photo: Tidy bathroom
Photo: Untidy bathroom.
Narrator: Take safety precautions in the bathroom too. It is full of traps.
Sub-heading: Keep bathroom door closed
Photo: Bathroom door is closed
Narrator: Always keep the bathroom door closed to prevent your child from entering the bathroom.
Sub-heading: Keep the toilet covered
Photo: Toilet cover is on
Narrator: Besides being hygienic, keeping the toilet covered can also prevent your child from sticking his head into the toilet bowl.
Sub-heading: Keep bathroom clean and dry
Photo: Water on bathroom floor. Big cross
Photo: A dry bathroom
Narrator: Keeping the bathroom dry can protect your child from slipping on the floor.
Sub-heading: Put an anti-slip mat in the bathtub
Photo: An anti-slip mat in the bathtub
Narrator: If you are using a bathtub, put an anti-slip mat inside.
Sub-heading: Put away containers with water
Photo: A bucket is placed on the bathroom floor. Big cross.
Narrator: Don’t leave containers filled with water around. Children may drown if they fall into it.
Sub-heading: Use a plastic baby bath
Photo: Baby is bathing in a plastic baby bath
Narrator: Use a plastic bath to bathe your baby in the bath tub.
Photo: Mum is bathing her baby.
Narrator: Never leave your baby in the bath alone, even if it is just for a brief moment.
Sub-heading: Have all items ready
Photo: Mum has all the bathing items needed.
Narrator: Therefore, have all items ready for bathing beforehand.
Sub-heading: Always add cold water before hot water
Photo: Putting cold water into bath basin.
Narrator: When preparing a bath for your child, always put cold water in before hot water.
Sub-heading: Test water temperature with your elbow
Photo: Mum is testing water temperature with her elbow
Narrator: Then, test the water temperature with your elbow before bathing your baby.
Heading: Bedroom Safety
Narrator: Bedroom safety.
Photo: Bedroom (1)
Photo: Bedroom (2)
Narrator: Make sure your child has a safe sleeping environment to protect him from risks.
Sub-heading: Put the cot near your bed
Photo: A cot is next to the parents’ bed
Narrator: If possible, let your baby sleep in his cot and put the cot next to your bed.
Sub-heading: Appropriate mattress size
Photo: The size of the mattress fits the size of the baby cot.
Narrator: The mattress should fit the size of the baby cot. If there is a gap, the baby’s tiny head may get trapped and he may suffocate as a result. There should not be any soft objects or loosely tucked sheets on the bed. A baby can sleep well without a pillow.
Sub-heading: Lock the bars of the cot
Photo: A baby is sleeping in the cot with bars locked
Narrator: Make sure that the bars are locked to avoid your baby falling onto the floor when in the cot.
Sub-heading: Distance between vertical bars should not exceed 6cm
Photo: Showing the distance between the vertical bars is less than 6cm
Narrator: The distance between the vertical bars should not exceed 6 cm or 2.5 inches. Babies can stick out their heads and get stuck if the bars are too wide apart.
Sub-heading: Height of rails should be higher than 3/4 of your child’s height
Photo: A toddler is standing in the cot
Photo: The height of the rails is no less than 3/4 of the height of the baby
Narrator: The height of the cot rails should be higher than 3/4 of your baby’s height.
Photo: A baby is sitting on the sofa alone. Big cross.
Photo: A baby is alone on a bed without guards. Big cross.
Narrator: Never leave your baby alone on the sofa or bed without guards, even if it is just for a brief moment.
Photo: A curtain cord is close to the baby cot. Big cross.
Narrator: Make sure that the curtain cords are out of the reach of your child. Your child could be strangled and suffocated if her neck gets caught in it.
Photo: A bunk bed
Narrator: Be cautious if you have a bunk bed at home.
Sub-heading: Install a secure ladder
Photo: A secure ladder on the bunk bed.
Narrator: A secure ladder can prevent accidents.
Sub-heading: Use foam mats
Photo: A foam mat is placed near the bed
Photo: A foam mat
Narrator: You can also have added protection by placing foam mats on the floor.
Photo: A bunk bed with secure safety bars
Photo: A bunk bed is put against the wall
Narrator: The top bunk should be fitted with secure safety bars of an appropriate height.
Sub-heading: Place the bunk bed against the wall
Narrator: Don’t leave a gap in between the bed and the wall because children may get themselves stuck.
Photo: Mum is talking to her son (2 years old) at the kitchen door with a gate in between them.
Narrator: Therefore, it is important to pay close attention to your children and give safety education to them when appropriate.
Photo: A family is reading storybook together.
Narrator: So please stay alert! Most injuries can be avoided when preventive measures are taken.
End Shot: Department of Health logo
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Produced in 2015
Ensuring the safety of your baby
- Do not leave your child alone at home or to the care by elder children
- Have a first-aid kit at home
- You should equip with first-aid knowledge
Safety in the Living Room
- Cover the sharp edges on furniture with corner protectors
- Lock up the foldable furniture or put it away in a secured place
- Avoid arranging your furniture in staggered way such that children can climb up high
- Install and lock up the window guards
- Use protective covers for the sockets on the wall
- Fix the position of opened doors with door stoppers or magnets
- Fasten the seatbelt and secure the locks on high chairs and baby cart when baby is placed there
- Ensure that the curtain ropes are out of the reach of your child
- Do not use glass table tops or glass doors at home
- Store matches and lighters away securely
Safety in the kitchen
- Install a gate at the kitchen door
- Turn the handles of cooking utensils inward on the stove
- Do not carry your baby in the kitchen
- Store all sharp utensils at where children can’t reach
- Store medicine at where children can’t reach
- Never put detergents and other chemicals in drink bottles
- Store or lock up detergents in cupboards where children can’t reach
- Store electric kettle or hot water flask out of the reach of children
Safety in the bathroom
- Put an anti-slip pad in the bathtub
- Always keep your bathroom dry
- Always keep the bathroom door close
- Use a plastic basin for a baby bath
- Never leave your baby in the bath alone (even just for a moment)
- When preparing a bath for your baby, put cold water before hot water, and test the water temperature with your elbow
- Never leave utensils filled with water around
Safety in the bedroom
- Lock up the fence of the baby cot when leaving your baby there
- The distance between the fence bars of the baby should be less than 6cm (2.5”)
- The size of the mattress should fit the size of the baby cot
- The height of the cot fences should be more than 3/4 of your baby’s height
- Never leave your baby alone on sofa or bed without fences (even just for a moment)
- Do not let ropes hanging near the baby bed
- There should be ladder on the bunk bed and the ladder should be secured
- There should not be any gap between the bunk bed and the wall
All you need in your first-aid kit
Home accidents do happen. Babies are vulnerable and are dependent in protecting themselves. Therefore, parents need to exercise home safety precautions as well as knowing how to handle accidental injuries at home. Having a first-aid kit at home is essential to treat minor injuries. Parents should also equip yourselves with first-aid skills to protect your vulnerable baby in emergency. If the condition gets serious, consult a doctor as soon as possible.
A standard first-aid kit should contain:
- Sterilized cotton
- Sterilized gauze
- Dressing Pad
- Adhesive bandages
- Elastic bandage (2″/5cm wide and 3″/7.5cm wide each)
- 70% alcohol
- Mild disinfectant
- Safety pins
- Round-ended scissors
- Triangular bandage
- Disposable gloves
Guiding your child to feed himself at an appropriate time will not only enhance his self-care but also arouse his interest in eating. As your child likes to imitate adults, explore and learn about the function of different objects at this stage, this is the prime time to develop his self-feeding skills. Children of aged 18 to 24 months can usually use a spoon to eat.
Teeth are our life-long friends. Parents have a role to educate their children on dental care since their early age. Every child has different teething time It should not be a cause for concern if your child starts teething a few months later than the other same-aged children. However, you should consult your doctor or dentist if teething does not occur in your child when she is already 1 year old.
Can baby skip vaccination?
You can bring your newborn to 5 year old child to the Maternal and Child Health Centres of Department of Health(DH), private hospitals or clinics for immunisation. The School Immunisation team of DH will visit primary schools to provide injection to students. You can also bring your child to private doctors for vaccination.
Vaccinations provided in Maternal and Child Health Centres (DH) for 12 to 18 months olds
Besides those vaccines recommended by the Department of Health for inclusion in the Hong Kong Childhood Immunisation Programme, some private doctors and hospitals may provide other vaccines to protect children from certain infectious diseases. Parents should seek advice from their family doctor before getting their children immunised.
The sleeping hours will change as our child grows:
|Age||Total sleeping hours in 24-hour period* (include both day and night sleep)|
|Age 1-2||~ 11-14 hours|
*Reference: WHO guidelines on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for children under 5 years of age. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Regular daytime and bedtime routines help our child sleep well.
Adequate physical activities and sleep everyday helps our child thrive and develop.